Blackjack is believed to have originated from French games like the Ferme or the French Chemin de Fer. In the 18th century, blackjack was first played in French casinos like Vingt-et-un which means twenty one.
The J or Jack card is the most important card in the game, and combined with the ace of spades, it gives the player a bonus pay. This combination gave the name blackJjack.
In the 1800’s, blackjack was introduced to America. Despite the country’s counter-game policy, it was played in secret. Gambling in casinos was legalized in Nevada in 1931 while 1978 in Atlantic City.
In the 1960s, the basic strategy of blackjack made an interesting impression on the common players, and then on of casinos have made much benefit from blackjack. But the blackjack players were still interested in developing new strategies to increase their chances.
Then in 1956, an article called the Optimal Strategy in Blackjack, by Roger Baldwin, was published in the Journal of the American Statistical Association. The article presented and defended the use of mathematical skills in blackjack. In 1962, the basic strategies of blackjack were developed and polished by Professor Edward O. Thorp. His book, beat the dealer, became an instant bestseller.
More books about blackjack were published to increase the chances of winning the game. Lorenzo Revere’s book, playing blackjack as a business, and Winning Blackjack from Stanley Roberts, provided information on how to live from blackjack winnings.
In the 70s, more complicated strategies were produced. At the start of computers, increasingly scientific and innovative approaches were developed. Ken Uston used 5 computers in 1977 in increasing the odds of his team members. Almost immediately, the group took more than $ 100,000. But one of Uston’s computers was blown up by the FBI and put in more than seven casinos in Las Vegas.
Uston’s experimentation led to more deception of blackjack. To prevent this, the casinos started using four-deck games. And five, six later introduced and up to eight-deck games to make the game tougher to play.
Casinos may have developed hard-to-beat strategies, players and blackjack enthusiasts still come up with winning solutions in increasing their chances. In 1976 a very powerful strategy was published called HI-OPT II. Other masters of blackjack could find ways to increase their own chances when they are playing in the casinos.
No matter how casino blackjacks are hard, there are endless developments made to win. While there are innovations available, enthusiasts and players will never stop at anything to win.